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Hypertension

Content :

Hypertension

Hypertension

Hypertension impairs the effective functioning of vital organs such as the heart, brain and kidneys. This results in fatal diseases including heart attack, stroke and kidney failure. Furthermore, hypertension damages eyesight and may lead to blindness. It is therefore of utmost importance to maintain an ideal blood pressure level.

 
Hypertension

In Hong Kong, 2.3 cases of hypertension are diagnosed in every 10 people. Among those aged above 75 years, the incidence can be as high as 73%. Hypertension may cause complications such as heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and stroke. In fact, the risk of cerebral infarction in hypertensive patients is three to four times higher than that in healthy people. In Hong Kong, 43% of all patients treated in public hospital general practice clinics suffer from hypertension. In particular, the increasing incidence of hypertension among the younger population is a cause for concern. 

The fact that hypertension produces no apparent symptoms means that the condition often goes undetected or, even if detected, gets ignored. Very often, symptoms only occur after the development of severe or even fatal complications. Because of this, regular measurement and monitoring of blood pressure is crucial. According to established international medical guidelines, typical hypertensive patients should aim to maintain a blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg. For those who also suffer from kidney disease or diabetes mellitus, the ideal level should be below 130/80 mm Hg.

 

Prompt drug therapy is strongly recommended for those who is unfortunately diagnosed with hypertension. At present, a wide range of anti-hypertensive drugs is available. Among these, drugs which effectively reduce blood pressure to ideal levels as well as offer protection to vital organs such as the heart, brain and kidneys are the drugs of choice. Research shows that regular blood pressure monitoring coupled with effective drug treatment reduces the likelihood of developing heart failure by 50%, stroke by 35-40% and myocardial infarction by 20%.

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Updated January 01, 2008